Temperate Woodland and Shrubland
This biome goes by many names, such as Mediterranean Biome, Woodland Biome, or Shrub/Chaparral Biome.
Woodlands are generally full of trees, while shrublands tend to be grassy with lots of bushes.
Temperature in Woodland/Shrubland is surpisingly low, anywhere from approximately -10C to 20C. This is due to the fact that these biomes are found 30 degrees North or South latitude line of the equator; in this is the latitude where warm, wet air rising from the equator has cooled, dropping its moisture over the equator. The air mass then spreads out from the equator and at these latitudes falls to the ground as very dry air. In many parts of the world this forms deserts, but in the Mediterranean Biome the presence of a body of water, often with cold waters, changes the dryness of the falling air to some extent. Often the precipitation that does fall is largely restricted to a few months in the relatively warm winter, and the summers may be very hot and dry.
The areas where the Woodland/ Shrubland Biome is found has precipitation amounts that range from between 100cm to 20cm
Type of Soil
Temperate Woodlands and Shrublands have thin nutrient-poor soils
Temperate Woodlands and Shrublands are located on the western coast of South and North America, near the Mediterranean Sea, South Africa, and south of Australia.
- Mountain Lions
- Blacktailed Deer
Problems that Effect this Biome
Fires are continuesly happening in this biome.